This large, on a European scale, railway museum was founded in 2005 on the premises of the historic locomotive depot from 1908 in Jaworzyna Śląska, Lower Silesia. The museum is situated on railway grounds covering over 2 hectares, with preserved railway infrastructure, locomotive depot buildings, and technical facilities.
The collection of the Railway Museum in Silesia consists of over 150 railway vehicles from the 1880s to the 1970s. The collection includes more than 40 steam locomotives of German, Polish, American, and British production, as well as diesel and electric locomotives, a collection of carriages, and specialized railway vehicles.
In the former workshop building of the locomotive depot, year-round exhibitions are organized, dedicated to the history of railways and railway transport not only in Jaworzyna Śląska but also in Europe and beyond. Visitors to the museum can explore reconstructed offices of railway stationmasters from the 1930s and 1970s, the Railway Occupational Health Clinic, the PKP Printing House, and a unique railway model in H0 scale, created in the late 1970s and early 1980s, used as an educational aid in railway schools.
On weekends and selected holidays, the Railway Museum in Silesia organizes rides with historic rolling stock along the so-called Steam Train Route, a unique educational path where visitors can ride in carriages pulled by historic diesel locomotives (such as the Deutz OMZ117R from 1940, 410D-51 from 1975, or 409Da-1 from 1965) or steam locomotives.